|Air travel is an important form of transportation in Korea, with domestic and international flights available. Many international carriers provide direct flights to Korea, with Incheon International Airport being the most common destination.|
Korean Air and Asiana provide the majority of international flights, while smaller carriers will sometimes fly internationally within East Asia.
The following is a list of airports in South Korea. Airports marked in bold have international flights. For more information, visit the websites for Incheon International Airport, http://www.airport.kr/eng/airport and the Korea Airports Corporation (all airports except Incheon International Airport) http://gimpo.airport.co.kr/doc/www_eng/index.jsp.
|both Korean and English. Commuters should queue on both sides of the train doors at spots marked on the floor and wait for passengers to exit the train before entering. This, however, isn't always the case. During busier hours, large numbers of people will fit themselves into arriving cars, despite the amount of space available.|
| bus fare is 700 won when paying by cash and 600 won when using a transportation card.
Local Regular (Shee-nae or Il-ban Bus): Local Regular Buses are either blue or green in color. Blue buses travel on major roads, while green buses are connector buses, and travel between subway stations. These buses have seating available as well as plenty of standing room. Bus fare is 1,000 won.
Local Express (Gwang-yok Bus): Local Express Buses are red in color. These buses have plenty of comfortable seating and little standing room. Buses travel longer distances and make fewer stops. Express bus fares are about 1,800 won.
The following are the current fares for the City of Seoul, as of December 1, 2009:
| 'Smart chips,' located in certain credit cards and cell phones, can also be activated to operate like a transportation card. With credit card smart chips, fare amounts are totaled monthly and should be paid off on the credit card payment date.
Transportation cards may be purchased at convenience stores, subway ticket windows and newsstands and cost between about 2,000 and 3,000 won. Seoul Citypass is a convenient form of payment for visitors utilizing the Seoul Metropolitan Subway and Seoul's bus system. One, two, and
|Transportation card users can also receive discounts when transferring between public transportation. When traveling from subway to bus, bus to subway, or between buses, commuters have 60 minutes to make the transfer. The fare for the second ride will only be an additional 100 to 500 won, depending on this distance. Bus riders should swipe their transit card when exiting the bus at the transit discount machine (hwanseunghaleen, 환승할인), located next to the exit door.|
| Metered fares are based on distance traveled and surcharges for time of day or heavy traffic. In Seoul, fares start at 2,400 won for the first 2 kilometers, and 100 won for each additional 144 meters. A late-night surcharge for fares between midnight and 4 am is an additional 20-percent of the basic fare. Passengers are also responsible for any tolls incurred. Fares should be paid in cash, although some cabs do accept credit cards and T-money cards. Tipping is not expected in Korea, although is a good gesture if the driver performs an extra duty like handling bags.
With the exception of international taxi service drivers, taxi drivers will generally not speak English well. It is advised to have your destination written in Hangul to show the driver. Taxis with a 'FREE INTERPRETATION' sticker on their windows offer free phone interpretation services to help riders communicate with their drivers.
Riders often give drivers a landmark as a destination, instead of an exact address, and then direct him or her from there.
| Helpful Terms:|
Left (left side): oenjjok (왼쪽)
Right (right side): oreunjjok (오른쪽)
Here: yeogiyo (여기여)
|Airport Limousine Bus|
|Go-sok Bus (Express Bus)|
|KORAIL is Korea's Railway service, which transports passengers and freight throughout the country. There are three main passenger trains that travel between cities in Korea:|
| Mugunghwa and Nooriro-ho (Regular): Mugunghwa and Nooriro-ho trains provide the most inexpensive train services in Korea. These trains accommodate large numbers of standing passengers, although seating is available. Mugunghwa trains offer cross-country service while Nooriro-ho trains cover relatively shorter distances. During holidays and peak travel times, cars can become quite crowded and seating sometimes unavailable. Fares are relatively inexpensive, with the longest fare from Seoul to Busan costing less than 24,000 won on weekends. The Mugunghwa train has no dining car, but purchase of snacks and beverages is available on the train.
Saemaul (Express): Saemaul is Korea's express train, and is also considered its most luxurious. A dining car is available for meal and beverage purchases. Fares for the Saemaul are higher than for the Mugunghwa train, with the longest fare from Seoul to Busan costing about 37,000 won. Travel time from
| Ferries to China
Ferries are available between the western cities of Incheon and Pyeongtaek and destinations in China including Longyan, Weihai, Iljo, Dandong, Qingdao and Tianjin.
Ferries to Russia
Ferries are available from the eastern city of Sokcho to Zarubino, Russia. Trips take about 16 hours.
Ferries throughout Korea provide services to outlying islands. Although Jeju may be the most popular destination, there are many beautiful islands off Korea's coasts to explore.
| Boryeong Ferry Terminal
Services: Anmyeon-do, Oeyeon-do, Godae-do, Nok-do, Sapsi-do, Wonsan-do, Janggo-do, Ho-do, Hyoja-do
Busan International Ferry Terminal
Services: Jeju-do, Geoge-do
Donghae Ferry Terminal
Phone: 82-33- 531 - 5891/2
Geoje Ferry Terminal
Phone: 82-55-682-0116 (ARS) 82-55-681-3106
Gunsan Ferry Terminal
Phone: 82- 63- 442 - 0115
Incheon International Ferry Terminal
Services: Jeju-do, Daenanji-do, Sonanji-do, Daemuui-do, Somuui-do, Daeyeonpyeong-do, Soyeonpyeong-do, Daeyijak-do, Soyijak-do, Daecheong-do, Socheong-do, Deokjeok-do, Baekryeong-do, Seungbong-do, Yuk-do, Jawol-do, Pung-do
Jeju Ferry Terminal
Services: Wan-do, U-do, Sangchuja-do, Hachuja-do
Jeju Ferry Information: http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/TR/TR_EN_5_1_5_1.jsp
Masan Ferry Terminal
Mokpo Ferry Terminal
Phone : 82-61-240-6060~1
Services: Jeju-do, Heuksan-do, Hong-do, Gageo-do, Gwanmae-do, Docho-do, Bigeum-do, Anjwa-do, Amtae-do, Aphae-do, Ui-do, Imja-do, Jaeun-do, Jangsan-do, Jin-do, Palgeum-do, Haui-do
Pohang Ferry Terminal
Wando Ferry Terminal
Phone: 82-61- 552 -0116
Services: Jeju-do, Gogeum-do, Geumdang-do, Geumil-do, Sinji-do, Cheongsan-do
Tongyeong Ferry Terminal
Phone: 82-55- 644-0364
Services: Dumi-do, Maemul-do, Mireuk-do, Bijin-do, Yeondae-do, Yeonhwa-do, Yokji-do, Chu-do, Chubong-do
Yeosu Ferry Terminal
Phone: 82-61-663-0117 (ARS) 82-61-663-0116
Services: Jeju-do, Geomun-do, Geumo-do, Sa-do, Yeon-do, Oenaro-do, Cho-do
| • Valid Passport and Proof of Entry and Exit Issued by Immigration
• Alien Registration Card
• Three Photos (3cm by 4cm)
• Fee of 11,000 won (5,000 won for physical exam, 6,000 won for license)
|Korea Public Transportation Guide|